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The Four Ancient Books of Wales

By Skene, William F.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003467020
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2014

Title: The Four Ancient Books of Wales  
Author: Skene, William F.
Language: English
Subject: Sacred Texts, Legends & Sagas, Celtic
Collections: Sacred Texts
Publication Date:
Publisher: Internet Sacred Text Archive (ISTA)


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F, S. W. (1868). The Four Ancient Books of Wales. Retrieved from

Description: This is William Skene's anthology of dark-age Welsh Bardic poetry. Often cited, but difficult to obtain, this book contains every remaining piece of Bardic poetry known. The poems are translated from four manuscripts: the Black Book of Caermarthen, the Red Book of Hergest (which is also the source of the Mabinogion), the Book of Taliessin and the Book of Aneurin, all of which date from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries C.E. The poems themselves date from much earlier, probably from the sixth century by internal evidence. This corpus is one of the treasures of world literature. It is also the only true source material for the study of Bardic lore, which reputedly preserved the esoteric (and long-lost) beliefs of the Druids. Largely written to satisfy wealthy patrons, much of the subject matter is related to mead-inspired battles, particularly the renowned Gododin cycle. However, the poetry rises above the gory combat and toadying to achieve an artistic height that would not be reached for many centuries. Some of the later works, which use Christian themes as a jumping-off point, have an almost haiku-like quality. The poems are infused throughout with mystic clarity, strange flashes of wisdom, and insight into humanity and nature. This book is very rare, and only available for purchase today in a print-on-demand edition. This etext, produced at sacred-texts, is the first comprehensive posting of this fascinating material on the Internet.


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