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The Ancient Roman Empire and the British Empire in India, The Diffusion of Roman and English Law throughout the World; Two Historical Studies

By Bryce, James

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Book Id: WPLBN0000662442
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 4.25 MB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: The Ancient Roman Empire and the British Empire in India, The Diffusion of Roman and English Law throughout the World; Two Historical Studies  
Author: Bryce, James
Language: English
Subject: Political science., Economics and literature, Economic & political studies series
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Archive for the History of Economic Thought


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Bryce, J. (n.d.). The Ancient Roman Empire and the British Empire in India, The Diffusion of Roman and English Law throughout the World; Two Historical Studies. Retrieved from

Economic Theory Literature

Excerpt: I. THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN INDIA. THERE is nothing in history more remarkable than the way in which two small nations created and learnt how to administer two vast dominions: the Romans their world-empire, into which all the streams of the political and social life of antiquity flowed and were bent; and the English their Indian Empire, to which are now committed the fortunes of more than three hundred millions of men. A comparison of these two great dominions in their points of resemblance and difference, points in which the phenomena of each serve to explain and illustrate the parallel phenomena of the other, is a subject which has engaged the attention of many philosophic minds, and is still far from being exhausted. Exhausted indeed it can scarcely be, for every year brings some changes in the conditions of Indian government, and nearly every year gives us soille fresh light upon the organization and government of the Roman Empire. The observations and reflections contained in this Essay were suggested by a journey through India, which followed upon travels through most of the regions that once owned the sway of Rome; and I have tried to test them by conversations with many persons, both natives and Europeans, who know India thoroughly.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN INDIA, 1-79 PAGE Conquest or absorption by modern European nations of the less advanced races . . . . . . . . . I Creation by this process of a sort of unity of mankind . . 3 Earliereffortof Rometounifymankind. . . . . 3 Part borne by England in the work of ruling and civilizing new territories . . . . . . . . . 4 The colonies of England: the British Empire in India . . 5 Position of Rome and England respectively in their Empires 8 Origin of the British Indian compared with that of the Roman Empire . . . . . . . . . . 8 Conditions favouring Roman and Brltish Indian conquest 10 Military character of Roman and British rule . . . . 12 What the Roman and the English conquerors have owed to natural frontiers . . . . . . , . . . I4 Strength of the Roman and British armies . . . . 16 Efforts to find a scientific frontier . . . . . . 18 The Romans and English as road and railway builders . 20 Success of both in maintaining internal order and security 21 Character of Roman and British administration . . . 24 Despotic system: measure of self-government left to the subiects . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Variations in provincial administration in Roman Empire andIndia . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Revenue and taxation of the two Empires . . . 35 Employment of native subjects in civil and military posts . 39 Civil rights of conquerors and of subjects . . . 42 Respect shown to native religions and customs; contrast of religious feeling in ancient and in modern world . . 46 Character of the conquerors as a source of their strength . 53 Contrasts between the two Empires : geographical position of the ruling race . . . . . . . . . 56


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