World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tomitaro Makino

Article Id: WHEBN0004291919
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tomitaro Makino  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Galearis fauriei, Enkianthus, Allium inutile, Malus × micromalus, Salvia hayatae
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Tomitaro Makino

Tomitaro Makino

Tomitaro Makino (牧野 富太郎 Makino Tomitarō, April 24, 1862 – January 18, 1957) was a pioneer Japanese botanist noted for his taxonomic work. He has been called "Father of Japanese Botany".[1] He was one of the first Japanese botanists to work extensively on classifying Japanese plants using the system developed by Linnaeus. His research resulted in documenting 50,000 specimens, many of which are represented in his Makino's Illustrated Flora of Japan. Despite having dropped out of grammar school, he would eventually attain a Doctor of Science degree, and his birthday is remembered as Botany Day in Japan.

Statue of Tomitaro Makino

Early life

Tomitaro Makino was born in Sakawa, Kōchi to a prestigious sake brewer. His parents died during his early childhood, and he was raised mainly by his grandmother. Though he dropped out of school after two years, he cultivated a strong interest in English, geography, and especially in botany. In 1880, he became a teacher at the primary school in his hometown, where he published his first academic botanical paper.

In 1884, he moved to Tokyo to pursue his botanical interests at the University of Tokyo where he worked with Ryokichi Yatabe. He married in 1890 and would later have 13 children.


In 1887, Makino started to publish an academic journal of botany.

In 1936, he published Makino Book of Botany, a six volume text on botany, in which he describes 6000 species, 1000 of which he discovered. He is best known for his Makino's Illustrated Flora of Japan, published 1940, which is still used as an encyclopedic text today.

In 1948, he was invited to the Imperial Palace to lecture on botany for Emperor Hirohito.


In total, Makino named over 2500 plants, including 1000 new species and 1500 new varieties. In addition, he discovered about 600 new species.

After his death in 1957, his collection of approximately 400,000 specimens was donated to Tokyo Metropolitan University. The Makino Herbarium in Tokyo and the Makino Botanical Garden on Mount Godai in his native Kōchi were named in his honor. He was also named an Honorary Citizen of Tokyo.

Selected works

In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Makino, OCLC/WorldCat includes roughly 270+ works in 430+ publications in 4 languages and 1,060+ library holdings.[2]

  • Makino shokubutsugaku zenshū (Makino's Book of Botany) Sōsakuin, 1936
  • Makino shin Nihon shokubutsu zukan (Makino's New Illustrated Flora of Japan), Hokuryūkan, 1989, ISBN 4-8326-0010-9


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Makino Tomitarō" in , p. 604Japan Encyclopedia, p. 604, at Google Books.
  2. ^ WorldCat Identities: 牧野富太郎
  3. ^ "'"Author Query for 'Makino.  

External links

  • With plants I live - Tomitaro Makino, a short biography
  • Makino Botanical Gardens on Mount Godai
  • National Diet Library photos and biography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.